Category Archives: One Name Study

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain and Ireland

I hope you now know how to call your nearest and dearest after last post! 🙂  or you if you meet an odd relative such as myself you know where I am on the family tree.

Moving forward to our next post in 2016 Patrick Hanks, Richard Coates, and Peter McClure published the ultimate reference work on family names of the UK. The Dictionary includes every surname that currently has more than 100 bearers. It is more than 3,136 Pages

Each entry contains lists of variant spellings of the name, an explanation of its origins (including the etymology), lists of early bearers showing evidence for formation and continuity from the date of formation down to the 19th century, geographical distribution, and, where relevant, genealogical and bibliographical notes, making this a fully comprehensive work on family names.

This authoritative guide also includes an introductory essay explaining the historical background, formation, and typology of surnames and a guide to surnames research and family history research. Additional material also includes a list of published and unpublished lists of surnames from the Middle Ages to the present day.

 The Dictionary covers the following:

·    Covers over 45,000 family names in the UK, including immigrant names

·    Each entry includes the current and 1881 frequencies of the name, its main GB location, and its language or culture of origin

·    Each main entry explains the name’s origins and history, supported by a selection of early bearers taken from a wide range of sources such as wills, tax records, court records, parish registers, Nonconformist circuit records, and many other documents

·    Entries for variants direct the reader to the main entry where the history and etymology of the name is covered

·    Contains a full list of published and unpublished sources consulted

·    Introductory essay explains the origin, history, and typology of family names in Britain, Ireland, and elsewhere in the world, the research methods used, the sources used. and some of the problems encountered in researching family names

·    Explains many surnames never previously explained and corrects many widely believed errors in the light of new evidence.

Without further Ado, I am attaching here information on the Wheelock’s origins, it is very technical but it also shows variations and origins of the name in their proper context and how the name has expanded.

Click on the PDF: Binder1

 

 

How to Know What to Call Distant Relatives

Trying to keep the blogs interesting so here it goes, isn’t it exciting to find out you have a historical icon in the far-off depths of your family tree? But when you brag to your friends, what do you call this famous ancestor?

As an example

“Oliver Cromwell is the great-uncle of my great-great-grandfather’s third cousin!”

Confusing, right? Not really

If you’re familiar with the system we use in designating these relationships, you’ll see there’s a consistent formula to the kinship titles we assign to various family members.

Since our family tree is from an English Speak background it is classified based on gender, generation, and consideration of consanguinity (direct descendants) and immediate affinal (in-law) relationships. Our common familiarity is with immediate family and direct lines, so brother, sister, cousins, aunts/uncles and the (great) grandparents. It starts to get confusing when differentiating between the “degrees” and “removals” of cousins.

First, Second, Third Cousins.

The ordinals in this system, “first cousin”, “second cousin”, “third cousin”, all describe the degree of the cousin relationship or the number of generations to their closest ancestor. For example, your second cousin is a person you share great-grandparents with and is not your direct sibling. It’s easier to think of what your shared ancestors would call you both – if your closest shared direct-ancestor is your great-great-grandparents, and they call you both “great-great-grandchildren,” then you have no removal, you two are second cousins

Once, Twice, Thrice removed…

When the cousins are not in your same generation then they are “removed. “First cousins once removed” declares that either one of you are one generation away from being first cousins. For example, if your first cousin has kids, they are your first cousins once removed – the closest common ancestor shared are your grandparents but are “once removed” from the level of first cousin (held by their parents).

 Here is the confusing part: there are two instances in your family tree that can share this title. This reflects what cousins refer to each as. Up until now, each relationship in your family tree has inverse titles for each other. You are your aunt’s niece or nephew; you are your great-grandparents grandchild. Cousins refer to each other as cousins. Because of this, your first cousin’s kid is your first cousin once removed and you (the parent of their second cousin) are also their first cousin once removed – you each refer to each other as the same. This means that the child of your first cousin and the parents of your second cousin are both “first cousins once removed” despite each of them being generations apart.

Here is the breakdown:

  • FIRST COUSINS: Non-siblings that share grandparents
  • SECOND COUSINS: Non-siblings that share great-grandparents
  • THIRD COUSINS: Non-siblings that share great-great-grandparents
  • FIRST COUSINS ONCE REMOVED: Two people for whom the first cousin relationship is one generation removed
  • FIRST COUSINS TWICE REMOVED: Two people for whom the second cousin relationship is two generations removed

 See the chart below and see if you can work things out

New Blog starting in the New Year

I have been sorting all the family history while keep the website quiet, a new blog will start in January and published once a month.

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